Hi all, I am at the beginning of the SEP and have previously read some of Sarno's books. From reading Sarno it seems to me that emotional repression is the reason for TMS and the accompanying pain. However I can see that there is much discussion, especially from doctors who came after Sarno about learned neural pathways in the brain causing pain. Is there a mid-ground between between these two schools of thought? Or are they independent of one another? I am trying to connect the two as I try to build a bigger and clearer picture of my pain. Thanks for any input.