Ok, so this post is more for my mother. She had severe OA in her knee, and knee surgery ALMOST cured it, but she still has residual pain (i blame this on established neural pathways and TMS). She also has terrible OA in her feet, and as a result, has lots of pain and swelling after walking exercise. This is a problem for her, because she's overweight and older, so walking is her exercise of choice. She really likes it, and lost 40 pounds recently! however, at the end of her walks, the tops of her feet throb badly. I told her to keep at it, and that much of her chronic pain (she has a LOT, and i clearly take after her!) could be TMS and conditioned responses. So OA really confuses me. Yes i have read that there have been xrays of people who have extensive joint wear, but no pain. However, OA must be real to a degree, because animals get it in old age very often! Is there any research on whether animals, dogs for example, who get painful joints in old age very commonly, can get TMS? My dog has always been nervous and bored when i'm not home, so she incessantly chews herself and gets bad skin issues. I think part of that is genetic (the skin allergies) and some of it is brought on. There's no question though, that dogs get painful OA all the time, and can you really blame that on TMS? My mom is getting really bummed at how her feet are impeding her progress on her walks. She's really not interested in going to the gym and exercise bike unless she has to. She'd rather walk outdoors.