I would really like to understand how the pain is caused with TMS. I am going through Alan's new program, and in one video he tells the patient how her brain is basically interpreting a neutral sensation as dangerous and painful. I read Healing Back Pain and there was talk about the mild oxygen deprivation affecting the muscles, tendons & ligaments. I've had back, hip and forearm/wrist/hand trouble. In PT I was told that my muscles were incredibly tight & impinging my nerves. EMG confirmed mild nerve impingement and MRI also found a herniated disc in my neck. I do believe this is TMS, but I also believe my muscles are very tight, I can feel the knots, confirmed by massage therapy, etc. I'm trying to understand if the TMS is actually affecting my muscles and causing them to tighten, or are these perceptions of pain simply coming from fear and danger signals in my brain? Is the muscle theory separate from the neural pathway theory? The science of this is murky to me right now. If there are other posts or books I should read, please point me in the right direction. Thank you!