1. Alan has completed the new Pain Recovery Program. To read or share it, use this link: http://go.tmswiki.org/newprogram
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Dr. Hanscom's Blog The DOCC Starting Point

Discussion in 'Mindbody Blogs (was Practitioner's Corner)' started by Back In Control Blog, Feb 1, 2015.

  1. Back In Control Blog

    Back In Control Blog Well known member

    I am presenting a starting point for your healing journey. DOCC is a framework that breaks down chronic pain into basic parts that will enable you to develop your own treatment plan. It evolved from my own 15-year experience suffering from chronic pain with the last seven being extreme. I was fortunate to work my way back to a rich and full life. Helping my patients heal from chronic pain has been an incredibly enjoyable and rewarding phase of my career.

    There are three parts to solving your pain:
    • The first is to understand chronic pain. It is a neurological problem that is different than acute pain. It is sensed only in the emotional, not the pain center, of the brain.
    • Second, all the variables relevant to your situation must be addressed at the same time. There is never a single answer.
    • Finally, every successful patient has taken full responsibility and taken control of his or her own care.
    Introduction to Chronic Pain

    Pain impulses begin with stimulation of pain receptors and are sent to the brain through peripheral nerves and the spinal cord. In the brain a substance called myelin is laid down with repetition that etches in these pain circuits. The process is similar to an athlete or musician learning a skill. However the frequency of chronic pain impulses is more like a machine gun. Pain circuits become deeply embedded in the nervous system within six to twelve months. Similar to knowing how to ride a bicycle they are permanent.

    Pain signals danger causing anxiety. Your body secretes adrenaline, which is intended to protect you by increasing your heart rate and increasing the blood flow to your muscles. It also shuts down the blood supply to the frontal lobe of your brain (your thinking center) and amplifies the sensation of pain. Every millisecond of your life has evolved around avoiding anxiety. It is the only reason the human organism has survived. Your bodily responses to the environment are not centered on having a great time.


    Trapped by Pain

    When you continue to be trapped by pain (or any life circumstance) you will become frustrated and angry. Anger results from loss of control. Any time you cannot fulfill a basic need such as air, food, or water you will become anxious then angry. Anger stimulates the body’s physiological response to meet that need. Therefore anger is anxiety with a chemical kick. Now the adrenaline levels really are elevated, which does improve your chances of solving a given problem. But it destroys the quality of your life, especially your close relationships. A terrible vicious cycle ensues – more pain, more adrenaline, more pain, and so on. Where and how does it stop? For most people it does not and it consumes them and everything around them. It is the worst part of the human experience.

    Anxiety is a neurological response to a threat and is not a psychological issue. It is a mental reflex that sets off an automatic protective response. So similar to pain circuits anxiety pathways are also permanently etched in and become stronger with repetition. That is why every human experiences increasing anxiety with age. If they do not then their body will adversely respond with other physical responses. There are over 30 different symptoms that may occur. There is no exception. It is just a matter of degree.

    As chronic pain always creates anxiety and frustration they are neurologically linked. Neuroscientists have a saying, “Neurons that fire together, wire together.”

    It sounds like a dismal situation and it is if you approach the problem with traditional methods. Trying to deal with irrational pathways with rational means cannot work. The more attention that is paid to what I call “The Terrifying Triad” of pain, anxiety, and anger the stronger they will become. If you try to ignore them then it becomes even worse. The more you try not to think about something you will think about it more. So what is the solution?


    Neuroplasticity

    It has been recently discovered that the brain has a tremendous capacity to change at any age. The descriptive term is “neuroplasticity.” We do know that in chronic pain peoples’ brains physically shrink. Fortunately it re-expands with resolution of the pain. It is possible by using simple tools to both shift off these pathways onto non-painful circuits and to stimulate the formation of new pathways. Although there are many ways of accomplishing this I am presenting the starting point, which has been the foundation for essentially every patient I have seen successfully become pain free.

    Stimulating Brain Change – Awareness, Detachment, Reprogramming

    There are three steps to shifting and creating alternate brain pathways.
    • You must first become aware of your automatic response to a given stress. It will always be some type of unconscious protective response.
    • Once you are aware of your response you must create a space, or detach, in order for you to substitute a more appropriate or functional reaction.
    • Reprogramming is the final step.

    Awareness and Detachment – Negative Writing

    I have discovered the easiest and most effective way of developing an awareness of my response to stress is to simply write down my disruptive, anxiety-producing thoughts and destroy them. It has been shown in over 50 research papers that this is an effective way of changing the body’s response to stress. Stress is not the problem. It is your response to it. The reason to tear up, shred, or burn your writing is not to get rid of the thoughts. These are permanent pathways. It is so you can write with complete freedom. The darker the thoughts that you can put on paper the more effective the exercise.

    In my opinion the writing accomplishes several things.
    • It creates an awareness that these random thoughts are in your nervous system and that they are just thoughts that do not deserve your attention.
    • As the paper is a physical distance from you it allows you to separate from these thoughts. It is easier to see that they are just thoughts and have nothing to do with your reality.
    • This space is connected with vision and feel, which connects with the unconscious.
    • As you are connecting a thought with a physical sensation, you are creating new pathways.
    Negative writing creates awareness and causes detachment with one exercise. It is simple and concrete – and doable. It was the first treatment that was helpful for me after trying to solve my chronic pain for over 15 years. I was lucky to have discovered it, as I was nearing the end of what I could tolerate.


    Reprogramming

    Reprogramming can be accomplished in thousands of ways such as music, hobbies, talking to friends, acupuncture, etc. However there is one core method that I feel is basic to the reprogramming process. I call it “active mediation”. It is more often called mindfulness. It is simply placing your attention on sensations. Any one will do – taste, feel, sound, pressure, etc. There are three steps and it just takes five to ten seconds per time. (1)
    • The first step is to relax
    • Let yourself stabilize
    • Finally” increase the vividness”, which means you choose whatever sensation you would like.

    I feel the active meditation accomplishes several things. As you relax your body will begin to secrete less adrenaline. By placing your attention on a given sensation your nervous system is no longer on the pain pathways. You have shifted off of them and are now truly in the present moment. As you continue to do this throughout the day it becomes more and more automatic. Eventually as you use the pain pathways less they will become weaker and the other pathways will become stronger.

    One metaphor that comes to mind is that of diverting a large river into another channel. There is very little water that will initially flow through the new riverbed but with continued excavation there will be more and more flow. Eventually just the force of the water will create a new river. The old riverbed is still there. (It is permanent) but is much less developed. As you use your pain pathways less and the new pathways more, at some tipping point you will go to pain free.


    Begin the writing/ active meditation NOW

    The DOCC project addresses the other factors that affect your pain experience. But the negative writing/ active meditation is the core starting point. I ask all of my patients to begin that evening. I suggest that they write once or twice a day for at least 10 to 15 minutes. The active meditation should be done as many times as you happen to think about it. I am guessing that I do it 20 – 30 times a day. It eventually becomes an unconscious habit.

    As nothing really changes until the writing/ active mediation begins I ask my patients to begin these exercises before they do much reading. I can instantly tell on the second visit whether they have started the negative writing. Most people haven’t and have dozens of excuses. There is an instinctive avoidance of doing it. But once they begin it is “game on”. People notice changes in their mood quickly although the pain may not have resolved. The research does show that most people will experience an initial dip in their mood and sometimes increased pain for a few days or weeks. Then I definitely know they are actually writing.

    Negative writing/ active meditation alone is not the solution to your pain any more than reading my book. But these exercises are incredibly powerful especially considering how simple they are. BTW, what is the downside? How high are the stakes? Do you really want to continue to live like this? Was this your high school dream? You have once chance at this life. Take it!!

    1) Learned from a workshop put on by Alan Wallace
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Feb 4, 2015
    Peggy likes this.
  2. Ellen

    Ellen Beloved Grand Eagle

    I really like this paradigm. The explanation is clear and easy to follow.

    Thanks, Dr. Hanscom!
     
  3. North Star

    North Star Beloved Grand Eagle

    Brilliant, Dr. H! I really like how you broke it down into bite sized pieces which makes it easier for its penicillin knowledge to soak into the nooks and crannies around my massive headache. I'm going to go get my journal now.

    Thank you so very much!
     
  4. Boston Redsox

    Boston Redsox Beloved Grand Eagle

    Great job making it so elementary to understand, and do will give it a go
     
  5. Boston Redsox

    Boston Redsox Beloved Grand Eagle

    Day 1 of this practice and really unloaded on my journal, going threw day 6 of a very bad flare not even meds are helping but I am pushing threw I will not stop my day even if I have to crawl.... God Bless All of us
     

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