About three years ago my staff noticed that our surgical patients who participated in the DOCC project principles were doing much better. The successes were better and we were having fewer failures. The postoperative pain seemed less and more easily controlled. Patients were moving forward quickly with rehab while re-entering a normal life. Additionally their anxiety often dramatically improved. Prehab We decided that if the surgical results were so much better that we would have all of our patients engage in at least 8 to 12 weeks of “prehab” before any surgery, regardless of the magnitude. Our protocol included: Learning about chronic pain through my book, Back in Control: A Spine Surgeon’s Roadmap Out of Chronic Pain. They were sleeping at least six hours a night (usually required meds) Working on their stress. We asked them to engage in the negative writing exercises combined with active meditation. They had to have some improvement in their mood and pain. Narcotic medications were defined and stabilized Most of this was coordinated through rehab and pain physicians who share the same philosophy. If a patient did no want to participate we encouraged them to return but we were not going to perform surgery. Many patients went elsewhere. What Happened I am enjoying my practice at a level that I could not have imagined. Our patients are doing well and excited about their progress. What I did not expect was that so many patients would become pain free without undergoing surgery. We are writing a research paper reporting on over 40 patients who would come in for their final preoperative visit and their pain was gone. Of course we cancelled the surgery. What was even more surprising was the severity of the problems. Normally the diameter of the spinal canal is about 15 mm. I do not schedule surgery unless the canal is less than 8 mm and the patient has leg pain. I have one patient who avoided surgery with a four mm canal. Janet’s Story The following letter is from a woman who I saw last summer with a large synovial cyst. This is a problem where a sac of fluid is formed off a facet joint off of the back of the spine. It was not only pinching her sciatic nerve it was calcified, which means it could not shrink. I immediately offered her a small operation to remove it. The outcome of removing the cyst is predictably positive with few complications. It is one of my favorite procedures. It took every ounce of restraint I had to offer her the prehab process through our pain center. She never returned to see me and I received this letter from her last week. Dear Doctor Hanscom and Dr. ________, Last summer an MRI scan revealed a synovial cyst in my back. I had severe pain from cramps in my butt and calf muscles. My family doctor referred me to your office. I am writing to update you on my status, which is greatly improved. In July of 2014 the Pain Center doctor asked me to keep a journal of what I could not do.” What I cannot do because of pain: I cannot get up in the morning in a flash. I need to exercise and stretch my right leg in bed, roll carefully out of bed to ice my butt and calf, do stair step exercises, and then finally do a 20 to 30 minute “working with pain” meditation. I can’t sit in any chair I want because my butt muscle will spasm. Car seats are hard to sit in. I have to get out at least every 45 minutes to stretch. I was on Gabapentin, Cyclobenzaprine, and Ibuprofen I followed the Back-in-Control program, writing down my negative thoughts and beginning to focus on what I wanted to do, including returning to dance class. In early October I began sleeping in a semi-upright position, with a pillow under my legs and the cramping began to subside. I also had biofeedback training. By mid-November I was able to get off all pain medications and start lifting weights again. I have very occasional twinges in my right butt when sitting or walking but I am basically pain free. I am so grateful for the chronic pain management program and extremely grateful that you offered the program rather than immediate surgery on the synovial cyst. Many many thanks. Sincerely, Janet Do Surgery Now?? I had forgotten about her case so I reviewed her MRI scans and was shocked to see the size of the cyst. However I have been surprised at the severity of the pathology with every surgical patient I have witnessed becoming pain free without an operation. In fact, in my book I comment that if a patient has a significant structural problem with matching symptoms that surgery should be performed quickly so as to move forward with the comprehensive rehab program. I thought the pain would be too distracting to really be able to participate. The opposite scenario occurred in that when I performed surgery in the face of a fired up nervous system the pain would frequently be worse. I eventually discovered this problem has been well documented in the medical literature. Chronic pain can actually be induced as a complication of any surgical procedure, including painless ones such as a hernia repair. One of the risk factors is pre-existing chronic pain in another part of the body. I now have dozens of stories similar to Janet’s. There are many times that I do perform urgent surgery for compelling problems. But if there is any room to have my patient participate in the prehab program that is what we have them do. Ask for This Approach! I am very excited about this turn of events, although it is becoming a little challenging maintaining a surgical practice. The medical literature has clearly documented that this process is effective. Ask your doctor to help you out with setting up your own program. You don’t need a major pain center. The resources are readily available. Every surgery has risks. No one thinks a complication will happen to him or her. I have seen them all. They are unpredictable and the outcomes can be catastrophic. Do you really need surgery? Be careful!!