Thank you Alan - it's a real blessing to have you here and designing this course - I'm sure I'll learn a lot. There's just something that I thought I understood, but now realized it doesn't really sit well in my mind - and can perhaps block my recovery... At the risk of being a pain (pun intended), is there any evolutionary advantage for this scrambling of danger signals i.e. responding with pain to a danger other than actual physical injury? Even when we fear the bear chasing us - having a severe pain lowers our chances of escape and survival. I may have misunderstood the TMS theory that pain is a protective response telling us to get out of a dangerous situation (sure, can work sometimes as an excuse for not doing something that we *should* but don't want to do, but I don't see many other examples). Which brings the question - is the chronic pain really our friend with a message we should understand (like feeling our feelings) or just a malfunction of certain part of our nervous system?