Forest, Thank you for such a germane response. I agree, this is a great quote, not the least for mitigating the woolliness of Sarno's early writings. Like you, I playfully, loosely attribute psyche to structure, simply to fascilitate understanding but I make different divisions to you. I see the Id as representing the Reptilian brain, the Ego as the 'Limbic System' or cuddly brain, and the Superego as the Neocortex. I found this enabled me to untangle the bewildering array of mind-body theories, and particularly, the place tms rests within that spectrum. Neuropsychology is a gift, and as Dr. James Alexander stated in my first link, it is the cornerstone of tms theory whether or not people accept it. Like it or not, once someone becomes a spokesperson for tms, the halo of authority descends and therefore we must guard against sloppy thinking and lazy or flabby responses. People come here to further understanding, to clarify confusions and ultimately to heal. That tms exists is not in dispute but we have to acknowledge that not everyone who comes here has tms. They may be suffering with something in the mind-body realm and they need help to determine this. Threads like this go a long way in achieving this goal. What I find particularly gratifying is that we do not need to choose between science and god, theory or art. No need to divide our minds yet further in our seeking. Each aspect of the psyche has it's own language. Our 'Inner Africa' (J. P. F. Richter), loves its symbols and dreams, while the higher brain loves words. It matters very much that there is a plurality of explanations for somatisation because each speaks to different levels and while cogent and embellished explanations appeal to the neocortex, that same need for words is an iron clamp for the deep nature. They will never penetrate because reptiles don't use words. I felt sorry for the little monkey too. It reminds me of the time I saw a ferret that had been raised by a mother rat. He was just another member of the litter, albeit one larger than his 'mum'. He wasn't an ugly duckling. He belonged. Regarding attachment, may I add the following book which centres on this. The author is a neuropsychologist with a sense of humour. The book is 'Rewire your Brain for Love: Creating Vibrant Relationships using the Science of Mindfulness' by Marsha Lucas.