Hi everyone, I'm currently re-reading, of all things, The Denial of Death by Ernest Becker. While unrelated to psycho-physiological disorders as a whole, the book offers one paragraph relevant to TMS sufferers where Becker compares physical pain to transference, of all things. Saying essentially that we endow our physical sensations with power and information that actually isn't there: "In the absence of persons for our dialogue of control [transference figures such as parents, bosses, political leaders, religious figures, therapists], we can even use our own body as a transference object...The pains we feel, the illnesses real or imaginary give us something to relate to, keep us from slipping out of the world. from bogging down in the desperation of complete loneliness and emptiness. In a word, illness is an object. We transfer to our own body as if it were a friend on whom we can lean for strength or an enemy who threatens us with danger. At least it makes us feel real and gives us a little purchase on our fate." Becker references Thomas Szasz' pamphlet "Pain and Pleasure: A Study of Bodily Feelings." While I haven't read it, I would be interested to get my hands on it. The reviews say it talks about people being "married" to their pain and other concepts that I think Sarno would agree with. Does anyone know if this piece of literature was used by Sarno and his colleagues, or is it considered outdated? (It was written in 1957). Didn't Sarno say in Divided Mind that patients are healed simply by reading his books because they are able to use him as a transference figure? Saying to themselves, "If Sarno says this is what is happening to my body, he must be right because he is the authority on this subject." And then the pain goes away. Crazy, but it works. I know from personal experience that my physical pain flairs up when I am in the presence of or thinking about someone who I have unconsciously endowed with the power of a parents or even of God. Perhaps if I am able to let that imagined power go, I can continue living as myself and not rely on their "authority". Any thoughts?