Brain research and neuroscience are already beginning to revolutionize our understanding of psychotherapy and the unconscious. New tools, invented in the last 50 years, allow us to look inside of the brain, in real time, and see what is happening inside of it in real time. Already, these tools are helping us understand how we process emotions, how trauma affects the brain, and the stress response. Eventually, I believe that this sort of hard science will help us understand how TMS works within the living brain. It truly is the future, and big investment like this will only make it come more quickly.